A large part of the screening process is identifying redflag histories and red-flag signs and symptoms. Advancing age and previous history of any kind of cancer are two of the most important risk factors for cancer. Following the screening model presented in Chapters 1 and 2, the therapist will use past medical history, clinical presentation, and associated signs and symptoms as the basic tools to screen for cancer. The client history with interview is the number one tool for cancer screening. Take the client’s history, looking for the presence of any risk factors for cancer. Cancer in its early stages is often asymptomatic. Survival rates are increased with early detection and screening, making this element of client management extremely important.
In this course, general information is offered about spinal pain with a focus on clinical presentation, while being mindful of the risk factors and associated signs and symptoms typical of each visceral system capable of referring pain to the head, neck, and low back. Following the model for decision making in the screening process outlined in Chapter 1, we now turn our attention to pain from medical conditions, illnesses, and diseases referred to the sacrum, sacroiliac (SI), and pelvic regions.
With a careful interview and the right screening questions, the therapist can identify clues suggestive of a problem outside the scope of a physical therapist’s practice that may require medical referral. Specific tests to screen for an underlying infectious or inflammatory source of pelvic or abdominal pain are also presented with a suggested order of testing.
|Contact Hours: 10||
Text Course Format: Text
|Instructional Level: Intermediate||BOC Level of Difficulty: Advanced|